N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor of Literature

External Address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-9319

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, NK. "The Future of Literature: Complex Surfaces of Electronic Texts and Print Books." In A Time for the Humanities: Futurity and the Limits of Autonomy,edited by JJ Bono, T Dean, and E Plonowska Ziarek, 180-209. Fordham University Press, 2008. (Essay)

Hayles, NK, and Gannon, T. "Mood Swings: The Aesthetics of Ambient Emergence." In The Mourning After: Attending the Wake of Postmodernism,edited by N Brooks and J Toth, 99-142. Amsterdam: Rodopi Press, 2007. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "(Un)masking the Agent: Stanislaw Lem's 'The Mask'." In The Art and Science of Stanislaw Lem,edited by P Swirski, 22-46. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen's University Press, 2007. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Afterword." In Crowds,edited by JT Schnapp and M Tiews, 377-378. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006. (Afterword)

Hayles, NK, and Brown, N. "Representation and Technology." In Science, Technology, and Society: An Encyclopedia,edited by S Restivo. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Hayles, NK. "Metaphoric Networks in "Lexia to Perplexia"." In First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game,edited by N Wardrip-Fruin and P Harrigan. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2004. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Bodies of Texts, Bodies of Subjects: Metaphoric Networks in New Media." In Memory Bytes: History, Technology, and Digital Culture,edited by L Rabinovitz and A Geil, 257-282. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Performative Code and Figurative Language: Neal Stephenson's "Cryptonomicon"." In Science, Technology, and the Humanities in Recent American Fiction,edited by P Freese and CB Harris, 279-316. Essen, Germany: Verlag, 2004. (Chapter)

Hayles, NK. "From Utopia to Mutopia: Recursive Complexity and the Nanospatiality of "The Diamond Age"." In World Weavers: Globalization, Science Fiction, and the Cybernetic Revolution,edited by WK Yuen, G Westfahl, and A Chant Kit Sze. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2004. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Computing the Human (Fuelle der Combination)." In Literaturforschung und Wissenschaftsgeschitchte,edited by BJ Dotzler and S Weigel. Munich, Germany: Fink, 2004. (Essay)


Hayles, K. "RFID: Human Agency and Meaning in Information-Intensive Environments." Theory, Culture and Society 26, no. 2/3 (2009): 1-24.

Hayles, K. "Sleepwalking into the Surveillance Society." Surveillance and Society 6, no. 3 (2009): 2-9.

Hayles, K. "RFID: Human Agency and Meaning in Information-Intensive Environments." Theory, Culture and Society: Explorations in Critical Social Science 26 (2009): 1-24.

Hayles, NK. "Intermediation: The Pursuit of a Vision." New Literary History 38, no. 1 (January 2007): 99-125. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Unfinished Work: From Cyborg to Cognisphere." Theory, Culture & Society 23, no. 7-8 (December 1, 2006): 159-166. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Revealing and Transforming: How Electronic Literature Re-Values Computational Practice." Performance Research 11, no. 4 (December 2006): 5-16. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Traumas of Code." Critical Inquiry 33, no. 1 (September 2006): 136-157. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Narrating Bits: Encounters between Humans and Intelligent Machines." Comparative Critical Studies 2, no. 2 (June 2005): 165-190. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Attacking the Borg of Corporate Knowledge Work: The Achivement of Alan Liu's "The Laws of Cool"." Criticism 47, no. 2 (March 2005): 235-239. (Review)