N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor of Literature

External Address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-9319

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, NK. "Performative Code and Figurative Language: Neal Stephenson’s Cryptonomicon." In The Holodeck in the Garden: Science and Technology in Contemporary American Fiction,edited by P Freese and CB Harris, 2-27. New York: Dalkey Archive Press, 2004. (Essay)

James, R. "The Seductions of Cyberspace." In Everyday Theory,edited by B McLaughlin and B Coleman. London: Longman, 2004. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Metaphoric Networks in "Lexia to Perplexia"." In First Person: New Media as Story, Performance, and Game,edited by N Wardrip-Fruin and P Harrigan. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2004. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Timely Art: Hybridity in New Cinema and Electronic Poetry." In Future Cinema: The Cinematic Imaginary After Film,edited by J Shaw and P Weibel, 316-321. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2003. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Supersensual Chaos and Catherine Richards' "Excitable Tissues"." In Catherine Richards: Excitable Tissues,edited by S Fortin, 9-24. Ottawa: The Ottawa Art Gallery, 2003. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Who Is In Control Here? Meditating on Eduardo Kac's Transgenic Art." In The Eighth Day: The Transgenic Art of Eduardo Kac,edited by S Britton and D Collins, 79-86. Tempe, AZ: Institute of Studies in the Arts, Arizona State University, 2003. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Computing the Human (in German) Fuelle der Combination." In Cyber, Virtual, and Bio Literature, The New Korean Association of English Language and Literature, 1-25. Pusan, South Korea, 2003. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Computing the Human (in German) Fuelle der Combination." In Turbulente Körper, soziale Maschinen: Feministische Studien zur Technowissenschaftskultur,edited by J Weber and C Bathr, 99-198. Leske: Oplanden, 2003. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers." In The Feminism and Visual Culture Reader,edited by A Jones, 497-506. London: Routledge, 2003. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers." In Visual Culture Reader,edited by N Mirzoeff, 152-160. London & New York: Routledge, 2003. (Essay)


Hayles, NK. "Traumas of Code." Critical Inquiry 33, no. 1 (September 2006): 136-157. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Narrating Bits: Encounters between Humans and Intelligent Machines." Comparative Critical Studies 2, no. 2 (June 2005): 165-190. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Attacking the Borg of Corporate Knowledge Work: The Achivement of Alan Liu's "The Laws of Cool"." Criticism 47, no. 2 (March 2005): 235-239. (Review)

Hayles, NK. "Commentary: The Search for the Human." New Literary History 36, no. 2 (January 2005): 327-333. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Visiting Wonderland (A Riposte to Diana Lobb's "The Emperor's New Clothes")." Electronic Book Review (December 5, 2004).

Hayles, NK. "Print Is Flat, Code Is Deep: The Importance of Media-Specific Analysis." Poetics Today 25, no. 1 (March 1, 2004): 67-90. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Refiguring the Posthuman." Comparative Literature Studies 41, no. 3 (January 2004): 311-316. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Afterword: The Human in the Posthuman." Cultural Critique 53 (December 2003): 134-137.

Hayles, NK. "Translating Media: Why We Should Rethink Textuality." The Yale Journal of Criticism 6, no. 3 (January 2003): 263-290. Full Text