N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor of Literature

External Address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-9319

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, NK. "The Life Cycle of Cyborgs: Writing the Posthuman." In Cybersexualities: A Reader on Feminist Theory, Cyborgs and Cyberspace,edited by J Wolmark, 157-173. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1999. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "From Self-Organization to Emergence: Aesthetic Implications of Shifting Ideas of Organization." In Chaos and the Changing Nature of Science and Medicine, 133-157. Woodbury, NY: American Institute of Physics, 1998. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "The Condition of Virtuality." In Language Machines: Technologies of Literary and Cultural Production,edited by J Masten, P Stallybrass, and N Vickers, 183-208. London and New York: Routledge, 1997. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Voices Out of Bodies and Bodies Out of Voices." In Sound States: Innovative Poetics and Acoustical Technologies, 74-96. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Consolidating the Canon." In The Science Wars,edited by A Ross, 226-237. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 1996. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "How Cyberspace Signifies: Taking Immortality Literally." In Immortal Engines: Life Extension and Immortality in Science Fiction and Fantasy,edited by G Slusser, G Westfahl, and ES Rabkin, 111-124. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1996. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Narratives of Artificial Life." In Futurenatural: Nature, Science, Culture,edited by G Robertson, M Mash, L Tickner, J Bird, B Curtis, and T Putnam, 146-164. New York and London: Routledge, 1996. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Virtual Bodies and Flickering Signifiers." In Electronic Culture: Technology and Visual Representation,edited by T Druckrey, 259-278. New York: Aperture, 1996. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Simulated Nature and Natural Simulations: Rethinking the Relation Between the Beholder and the World." In Uncommon Ground: Toward the Reinvention of Nature,edited by W Cronon, 409-425. New York: Norton, 1995. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "Embodied Virtuality: Or How to Put Bodies Back into the Picture." In Immersed in Technology: Art and Virtual Environments,edited by D Augaitis, D MacLeod, and MA Moser, 1-28. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1995. (Essay)


Hayles, NK. "Metaphoric Networks in "Lexia to Perplexia"." Electronic Art and Animation Catalog 31-34 (2001): 31-34. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Visualizing the Posthuman." Art Journal 59, no. 3 (September 2000): 50-54. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The Invention of Copyright and the Birth of Monsters: Flickering Connectivities in Shelley Jackson's "Patchwork Girl"." Postmodern Culture: An Electronic Journal of Interdisciplinary Criticism 10, no. 2 (January 2000).

Hayles, NK. "Adam Ross: Paranoid Utopias." Art/Text 70 (2000): 62-65.

Hayles, NK. "The Illusion of Autonomy and the Fact of Recursivity: Virtual Ecologies, Entertainment, and "Infinite Jest"." New Literary History: A Journal of Theory and Interpretation 30, no. 3 (1999): 675-697.

Hayles, NK. "Simulating Narratives: What Virtual Creatures Can Teach Us." Critical Inquiry 26, no. 1 (1999): 1-26. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Hot List: N. Katherine Hayles on Byte Lit." Artforum International 37, no. 2 (1998): 33-.