N. Katherine Hayles

James B. Duke Professor of Literature

External Address: 
101 Friedl Building, Durham, NC 27708
Internal Office Address: 
Box 90670, Durham, NC 27708-0670
(919) 684-9319

Digital Humanities; Electronic Literature; Literature, Science, and Technology; Science Fiction; Critical Theory


  • Ph.D., University of Rochester 1977
  • M.A., Michigan State University 1970
  • M.S., California Institute of Technology 1969
  • B.S., Rochester Institute of Technology 1966

Hayles, NK. Unthought: The Power of the Cognitive Nonconscious. University of Chicago Press, April 5, 2017. (Edited Book)

Hayles, NK. Foreword. December 22, 2015. Full Text

Comparative Textual Media: Transforming the Humanities in the Postprint Era. Edited by NK Hayles and J Pressman. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013. (Collection)

Hayles, NK. How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2008. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. (Monograph)

Ine Hayles, NK. Nanoculture: Implications of the new technoscience. January 1, 2004.

Hayles, NK. Writing Machines. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2002. (Monograph)

Hayles, NK. How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999. (Monograph)


Hayles, NK. "The cognitive nonconscious and the new materialisms." In The New Politics of Materialism: History, Philosophy, Science, 181-199. January 1, 2017. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Influences of the digital." In Postmodern/Postwar and After: Rethinking American Literature, 209-215. January 1, 2016.

Hayles, NK. "Beyond Human Scale: Steve Tomasula's "The Book of Portraiture"." In Steve Tomasula: The Art and Science of New Media Fiction. Bloomsbury, 2015. (Essay)

Sieburth, SM. "Foreword." xvii-. November 13, 2014. Full Text

Gubler, DJ, Ooi, EE, Vasudevan, S, and Farrar, J. "Preface." xv-xvi. August 29, 2014.

Hayles, K. "The Cognitive Nonconscious and the Larger Landscape." In Beyond the Humanities and the Digital,edited by P Svensson and DT Goldberg. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2014. (Essay)

Hayles, NK, and Gannon, T. "Virtual, Actual, Ineffable: Architecture and Media in the Age of Computation." In Ineffable: Architecture, Computation, and the Inexpressable,edited by B Horn, 58-71. Shenzhen, China: Oscar Riera Ojeda, 2013. (Essay)

Hayles, NK. "How we think: Transforming power and digital technologies." In Understanding Digital Humanities, 42-66. February 7, 2012. Full Text

Hayles, NK, and Gannon, T. "Virtual architecture, actual media." In The SAGE Handbook of Architectural Theory, 484-500. January 1, 2012. Full Text

Hayles, K, and Montfort, N. "Interactive Fiction." In Routledge Companion to Experimental Literature,edited by J Bray, A Gibbons, and B McHale. New York: Routledge, 2012. (Essay)


Hayles, NK. "The Maximalist Novel: From Thomas Pynchon's Gravity's Rainbow to Roberto Bolano's 2666." NOVEL-A FORUM ON FICTION 49, no. 3 (November 2016): 519-522. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Cognitive Assemblages: Technical Agency and Human Interactions." Critical Inquiry 43, no. 1 (September 2016): 32-55. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The Cognitive Nonconscious: Enlarging the Mind of the Humanities." Critical Inquiry 42, no. 4 (June 2016): 783-808. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "The Affectual Distinctiveness of Big Books." American Book Review 37, no. 2 (2016): 15-15. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Quirks of the Quantum: Postmodernism and Contemporary American Literature." NOVEL-A FORUM ON FICTION 48, no. 1 (May 2015): 148-150. Full Text

Hayles, NK. "Brain Imaging and the Epistemology of Vision: Daniel Suarez’s Daemon and Freedom." MFS Modern Fiction Studies 61, no. 2 (2015): 320-334. Full Text

Hayles, K. "Speculative Aesthetics and Object Oriented Inquiry (OOI)." Speculations: A Journal of Speculative Realism 5 (2014): 158-179.

Hayles, K, Jagoda, P, and LeMieux, P. "Speculation: Financial Games and Derivative Worlding in a Transmedia Era." Critical Inquiry 40, no. 3 (2014): 220-236.


"Cybernetic Readings." Edited by NK Hayles. Comparative Literature Studies 41, no. 3 (2004). (Special issue)

"Technocriticism and Hypernarrative." Edited by NK Hayles. Modern Fiction Studies 43, no. 3 (1997). (Special issue)

Hayles, NK. "Deeper into the Machine: Learning to Speak Digital." Electronic Literature Organization’s 2002 State of the Arts Symposium. Los Angeles: Electronic Literature Organizaton, 2002.

Hayles, NK. "Is It Literature—or Art?." Second Natures (2006): 23-30. (Scholarly Commentary)

Hayles, NK. "Auto-Projection: Fuchs' Evolutionary Tale." (December 1999). (Scholarly Commentary)